Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah - Wikipedia  

Crossroads to Islam - The Origin of the Arab Religion & the Arab state - Yehuda Nevo & Judith Koren - page 281 - ..'Bashear hints that Muhammad bn al-Hanafiyyah 'was' the Prophet Muhammad'

Suliman Bashear - Wikipedia

Bashear made international headlines by the thesis of his work which argued that Islam developed as a religion gradually within the historical context of Judaism and Christianity rather than being the revelation of a prophet.

Bashear's historiography of early Islam considered not only the development of religious customs and beliefs, but also traced how later generations recast the past in order to meet the needs of their own era. Like the work of Patricia Crone, Yehuda D. Nevo , and other historiographers of early Islam, Bashear's research challenged what he considered to be the myth of a unified beginning Islam.

Kaysanites - Wikipedia

The Kaysanites were a once dominant Shia Ghulat sect (among the Shia of the time) that formed from the followers of Al-Mukhtar. They believed in the Imamate of Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah.

Shi’ite Mahdism and Jewish Messianism: The Ambivalent Mingling of Piety and Politics - By Yehezkel Landau

Shia's Imam Mahdi is likely to be the Dajjal (Anti-Christ) By: Ibn al-Hashimi

...According to the evidence, this is what we know about the Shia's “Qaem/ Imam Mahdi”:

1. He will rule according to the laws of the family line of prophet David, using the Talmud.

2. His language will be Hebrew.

3. His followers will be of the Jews and Israelites, for he is the king of the Jews.

4. He  learns from the Talmud which is contained in the “Jafr.”

Samaw'al ibn 'Adiya - Wikipedia

..was an Arabian Jewish poet and warrior, in the first half of the 6th century. His mother was of the royal tribe of Ghassan, while his father, according to some, was descended from Aaron, or according to others, from Kahin(Cohen), son of Harun(Aaron) and progenitor of the Jewish tribes of Quraiz‘a* and Banu Nadir*. Samuel owned a castle near Taima (eight hours north of Medina), built by his grandfather 'Adiya and called, from its mixed color, al-Ablaq. It was situated on a high hill and was a halting-place for travelers to and from Syria. More than for his poetic talents Samaw'al is famous for his connection with the warrior-poet and prince Imru' al-Qais, which won for him the epithet "faithful," and gave rise to the Arabic saying "more faithful than Samuel."...

The Relation between Arabs and Israelites prior to the Rise of Islam - D.S Margoliouth



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